With hundreds of resumes coming for every open position, the phone interview should be a useful way to screen candidates quickly and cheaply. Unfortunately, this tactic has been frequently subverted in India. Many times, the hiring manager does not conduct the interview himself, but passes it on to a junior PM (this is rampant at most internet firms including the MNCs). Occasionally, the HR team itself conducts a phone screening session before even short listing your resume.
Here are some of different types of phone interviews in India.
The Salary Screening Interview
Based on many discussions with recruiters at all kinds of firms, it seems that their dream is to hire candidates for free. However, as slave labor is illegal, they would definitely want to hire you at the lowest possible cost. For this, the screening interview is all about your willingness or desperation for the job. And the questions are deeply probing, designed to elicit your intent to join and the minimum salary that you are willing to accept. There is no discussion about the workplace, the team, the culture, the role or anything else.
At the end, either the candidate is so turned off by the process and does not wish to join. Or the desperate candidate is willing to accept any condition for employment.
The Peer PM Phone Interview
[I will publish a longer piece on this next week.]
The peer phone interview has its own set of problems which include:
- Short listing candidates from the same school or former employer as the interviewer
- Fear of competition from a brilliant candidate
- Misuse of informal networking to pre-judge the candidate
- Rejecting candidates because the panelist is not trained properly
- Rejecting candidates not referred by existing employees
- Rejecting candidate referred to by existing employees
- The interview is just a formality to complete the process, candidate’s resume is already rejected by the hiring manager
Fundamentally, merit is often ignored when peer product managers conduct phone interviews. And this makes it very difficult for a good PM, without connections, to get to the next stage in the recruitment process in any top firm.
Interview By The Hiring Manager
The hiring manager is the stakeholder with the most to gain by hiring a good candidate. He is concerned by the salary expectations, but is not looking to bargain about salary. Neither is going to reject a candidate because he is brilliant or from a different college. And the hiring manager will seldom take the interview simply to gain knowledge about a competitor, or pick the candidate’s brain for new ideas about his product. If he does this, you can expect him not to last long in his role.
Looking at the above scenarios, it is clear that there are few chances for an ordinary candidate to pass this round of screening. And this leads to the homogenous group of mediocre product managers at many firms. My strong suggestion for a candidate would be to insist with the recruiter that they
a) reveal the panelist’s name,
b) identify the hiring manager’s name and designation
c) provide the opportunity to speak to the hiring manager directly
In case the hiring manager is “too busy” to speak to you, this is a huge red flag, and perhaps you should avoid this firm altogether.